Over the years, Cardiac Surgery has rapidly
developed in India. Currently India is recognized
as one of the leading countries in the field of
Cardiac Surgery. The first Open Heart Surgery
procedure in India using Cardiopulmonary Bypass
was performed by Dr. K.M. Dastur at Nair Hospital,
Mumbai in 1961. Since then great strides have
been made in the field of Cardiac Surgery in India.
In the early days of development of Cardiac Surgery
in India this facility was available only in a
few hospitals in -1- -2- metropolitan cities.
However, over the last decade there has been a
great expansion in the number of centres providing
facilities for Cardiac Surgery. Over the years
while Open Heart Surgery was becoming available
to more and more people all over the country,
the people of Himachal Pradesh did not have any
institute where this facility was available.
Prior to 12th Dec. 2005 there was no
facility for the people of Himachal Pradesh for
undergoing Heart Surgery within the state. Patients
suffering from diseases of the heart had to be
referred to PGI, Chandigarh /AIIMS, New. Delhi.
A sincere effort to establish a state
of the art facility for treatment of patients
requiring Cardiac Surgery was started after Dr.
R. Pathania joined as Assistant Prof. in the department
of CTVS at IGMC after completing his Mch. CTVS
from PGI Chandigarh in 1996. Over the next few
years the infrastructure in the form of Two Modular
Operation Theatres and an ICU were set up at IGMC.
This facility was dedicated to the people of H.P
on 19th Nov.2005 and the first Open Heart Surgery
was performed by Prof. R. Pathania under the expert
guidance of a team from AIIMS, New Delhi on 12th
The establishment of this facility at
IGMC has gone a long way in mitigating the sufferings
of the poor people of this hilly state who had
to earlier go out of the state for getting treatment.
Since its inception in 2005, 720 Open
Heart Surgeries have been performed at IGMC. The
success rate of Open Heart Surgery at IGMC after
its inception in 2006 was 95% which has now gone
upto 98.4% in 2011 inspite of the increase in
the number of complicated cases undergoing Open
Heart Surgeries. Majority of the patients who
have undergone Open Heart Surgery at IGMC belong
to poor socioeconomic status & have received full
financial assistance from the Chief Ministers
Relief Fund. - -3-
A large variety of Cardiac Surgical
Procedures are being performed at IGMC including
Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting, Beating Heart
Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting, Double Valve
Replacement, Single Valve Replacement and Surgery
for Congenital Heart Diseases like Atrial Septal
Defect, Ventricular Septal Defect and complex
congenital defects like Tetrology of Fallots,
Tricuspid Atresia and AV Canal Defects.
There are very few institutions in the
Govt. sector in North India giving facility for
open Heart Surgery. The Cardiac Surgery centre
at IGMC is one of the few which is functioning
smoothly inspite of a large number of constraints.
The success rate of Open Heart Surgery at IGMC
is comparable to any leading centre in the country
including AIIMS, New Delhi. This has been made
possible due to the help and guidance of the higher
authorities, the administration, the able leadership
of Prof. R.Pathania and the dedication of the
Doctors, Perfusionists, Technicians and Staff
Nurses working in this field. Dr. Rajnish Pathania
and cardiothoracic surgical team was awarded Himachal
Civil Sewa Award by the Govt. of H.P. for the
year 2010 for their contribution in the field
of Open Heart Surgery in Himachal Pradesh.
The department has crossed another milestone
in September 2011 by starting superspeciality
M.Ch. CTVS course and two students has been admitted
in the current session.